How to Help an Aggressive Dog

Knowing the cause of your dog's behavior problem is key to correcting it.

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Soon after Karen Miller adopted Murphy, a burly 7-month-old hound mix, from a shelter, she knew she had a problem. Murphy tried to bite her every time she bent over him, attempted to move him off the couch or got too close to him while walking down a narrow hallway.

"At first, I was afraid to go to sleep with Murphy around," Miller says. But enamored with his many agreeable characteristics, she embarked on a comprehensive canine rehabilitation program.

Without owners like Miller willing to uncover aggression's cause and curb the behavior, many dogs who bite do not get a second chance. They are euthanized. "Half of the dogs born in this country don't live to see their second birthday," says Nicholas Dodman, DVM, director of the Behavior Clinic at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, and author of "Dogs Behaving Badly" (Bantam). "Aggression is the No. 1 behavioral reason for that."

By immersing herself in dog-behavior literature, particularly Dodman's book, Miller learned Murphy's behavior was textbook dominance aggression. He reacted to any gesture or posture he interpreted as a threat to his self-appointed top-dog status. Even a pat on the head, which people universally intend as an expression of affection, set him off. Knowing punishment would only make matters worse, she implemented non-punitive solutions with great success.

First Miller gave Murphy gainful employment. Whenever he completed a "job" such as sitting or coming when called, he earned a reward, usually voluble praise and play. "I proved to Murphy that he'd have a great life if he did simple things for me," she says.

Miller, now a professional dog trainer, also manipulated the dog's environment in ways that limited the potential for conflicts of will. For example, instead of scolding him for sticking his snout into the garbage, she denied the dog access by locking the lid on the trashcan. Because Murphy was aggressively possessive about toys, Miller didn't leave any lying around.

Perhaps most important, she ignored rather than punished Murphy's dominance displays. When Murphy jumped up on her — a common canine expression of dominance — Miller turned and walked away rather than trying to push off the 80-pound dog. Reacting to a highly dominant dog's misbehavior with verbal or physical force usually escalates the dog's aggressive behavior.

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Michelle   Amesbury, MA

5/26/2011 5:14:49 AM

my 5 month old puppy isn't aggressive, but she does bite. More like she is playing, but it hurts like heck. I learned from a famous dog trainer to yelp and let her know she is hurting you. I did that, but only lasted a few weeks. I have now tried a more dominance thing were if she is biting me I growl at her and if possible toss her down and put my mouth at her neck. she is responding well. she now knows when I've had enough and also who is top dog. she is bad with my kids though. The won't discipline, they call me and cry. It needs to stop. it is the only behavior that is upsetting.

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STUART   Los Angeles, CA

5/11/2011 2:02:28 AM

I NEED TO KNOW WHY MY LAB ATTACKS OTHER DOGS AND WON'T LET GO. AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT.

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spence   satsuma, FL

4/11/2011 6:55:58 PM

great article. thanks

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janet   bethlehem, PA

3/7/2011 4:22:43 AM

good article thanks very much

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