Also known as the Russkiy Toy, the Russian Toy is a small, elegant, lively companion breed developed in Russia in the 20th century. The Russian Toy was developed via an effort to revive the English Toy Terrier in Russia. From about the 1920s to the 1950s, English Toy Terrier breeding in the country had significantly slowed and breed numbers were low. When breeders attempted to bring back the English Toy Terrier, they used the dogs that were available in Russia. Some of these dogs had no pedigrees and others were mixed breeds. The resulting dogs were quite different from the old English Toy Terriers, and were eventually developed into their own breed.
Russian Toys come in two coat type: smooth and longhaired. The smooth coat is close-lying and shiny. The long coat is straight or wavy, but never curly, with feathering on the backs of the legs and long fringe on the ears. Regardless of coat type, Russian Toys may be black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan, or solid red of any shade. They are 8 to 11 inches tall and the shoulder and weigh 2 to 6½ pounds.
Photo courtesy of Ruth Ann Ford.