Bichon Frise

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Fast Facts

Country of Origin:Mediterranean
AKC Group:Non-Sporting Group
UKC Group:Companion
Use today:Companion
Life Span:12 to 15 years
Color:White or white with shaddings of buff, cream or apricot.
Coat:Soft and dense with a curly texture. Sheds very little.
Grooming:Daily brushing and weekly grooming. Professional grooming may be required.
Size:Small Dog Breed
Height:9.5 to 11 inches at the shoulder
Weight:Porportionate to height

Known originally as the Bichon Teneriffe, this animated powder puff was brought to the European continent from the Canary Islands during the 14th century. There it became the favored pet of the aristocracy until fashions in lapdogs changed. Banished to the streets, the Bichon's cheerful personality won the hearts of the common people. But it was not until the 1930s that fanciers took the little dog seriously enough to seek its recognition as an official breed. By 1934, bloodlines had been standardized. A breed standard was drafted, and under its new name, which means curly-coated lapdog, the Bichon Frise was admitted to the register of the French Kennel Club. Since then it has won friends worldwide. Standing 12 inches or less at the shoulder, the Bichon makes an ideal city companion. The coat, which sheds little, is white with cream and apricot shadings permissible. Dark pigmentation of nose and halos, which surround the large, dark eyes, enhance the breed's intelligent expression. It's a perfect choice for those whose doggie attentions lean more to frequent bathing and daily brushing than brisk walks around town. Professional grooming may be required. The Bichon is not always easy to housetrain, so patience is a must. This is a charming breed, however, and an excellent watchdog that bonds with the entire family.


The Fluffy Frise

Eve Adamson

Driving from church to her Tucson, Ariz., home, Janice Lemon-Ludwick passed a woman riding a bicycle with a baby-carriage trailer attached. She turned to see the cute baby. "Instead, I saw this gorgeous, fluffy little white face peering out," she says. "I said to the woman, 'Don't you think you are spoiling your Bichon Frise just a little?' and the woman smiled and said, 'Well, it is our baby!'"

Bichon Frise (pronounced BEE-shawn free-ZAY) translates roughly as "curly coated lapdog." The breed's powder-puff coat, black button eyes and winning smile make it hard to resist-and lead to generous human concessions. Owners frequently confess to sharing their dinners, their beds, even their pillows with their dogs. Lemon-Ludwick, a volunteer who coordinates Bichon Frise rescue in Arizona, took in one Bichon that dined on hearts of Romaine and buttered toast. Gail Antetomaso, a breeder, exhibitor and member of the Greater New York Bichon Frise Fanciers on Long Island, takes her Bichons in fancy tote bags when she flies. Rachel Hensley in Moncks Corner, S.C., lets her Bichon Frise puppy, Kernal Bean, sleep on her head.

"I have known many owners who never allowed dogs on the furniture," says Steve Williams, a Bichon Frise owner, breeder and rescuer in Austin, Texas. "It is quite humorous how quickly they succumb to the will of the Bichon and end up sleeping with them."

In some cases, the Bichons take over. "If you get up in the middle of the night, consider your pillow taken," Antetomaso says.
Lemon-Ludwick's husband, Bob Ludwick, knows this all too well. He patiently consents to sharing his bed with five Bichons who claim the pillow before he can even lie down.

Don't expect privacy in the morning, either. One Bichon, Missy, accustomed to a weekly bath, occasionally surprises Lemon-Ludwick by joining her in the shower.

The Love Dog

Although owners tend to pamper their Bichon Frises, the dogs are tougher than they look. "They are little, cute and fluffy, so people are inclined to treat them like hothouse flowers, which is absolutely unnecessary," says Rick Beauchamp, a Cambria, Calif., Bichon Frise breeder, dog-show judge and author of "The Truth About Bichons" (Premiere Publications, 1998).

The Bichon Frise is related to the Maltese and descended from the Water Spaniel, also known as the Barbet, from which came the Bichon's original name of Barbichon. Another early name was Bichon Teneriffe, taken from the island where French sailors encountered them in the 14th century.

This dog breed was hardy enough to withstand ocean voyages. "I've been told that the Italian and Spanish sailors would take the little dogs with them on the merchant ships," Beauchamp says. "When they met the ladies in different ports and on the islands, they would give them as gifts. The Bichon Frise became known as The Love Dog."

Later, Bichons became a favorite of Italian, French and Spanish royalty and appeared in several paintings by Francisco de Goya. Fashions changed; in the late 19th century, the Bichon Frise became a street dog accompanying organ grinders and performing in circuses. "The mere fact that this dog breed survived on its own through two world wars when nobody could afford to keep dogs is a statement in favor of their hardiness," Beauchamp says.

The Bichon quickly gained popularity in the United States after the formation of the Bichon Frise Club of America in 1964.
Renowned for their cheerful disposition, Bichon Frises gain friends and devotees wherever they go. "Our first Bichon, Teddy, was a champion," says Ann Jones, a Bichon breeder in Duluth, Ga., and member of the Bichon Frise Club of America. "At dog shows, he kept people so entertained he had his own fan club. People came to the dog shows just to see him."

A Bichon Frise doesn't have to be a champion to be charming. "Kernal loves everyone," Hensley says. "He is the happiest dog in the world, even when he gets in trouble. He literally smiles at you until you can't help but forgive him."

Compact Companions

While no facial tissue is safe from shredding, Bichons rarely cause major destruction. Their appetites, however, can lead to trouble. Lemon-Ludwick's Bichon, Percy, liked to wade into the koi pond and drag out the water lilies so he could nibble on the bread crumbs meant for the fish.
Bichons can be silly. When Hensley takes a bath, Kernal Bean goes wild. "He gets this funny look in his eye," Hensley says. "He jumps up on the tub, then runs back and forth in the bathroom with his ears tucked back and his tail under him. He'll keep it up through the entire bath. He also likes to drop his toy porcupine in the tub with me, so it can have a bath, too."

Bichon Frises like to move, even if only within the confines of a small apartment. "They have very sporadic energy," Antetomaso says. "A typical Bichon thing would be to go out into the yard, run two or three laps like a Greyhound, then collapse and spend the rest of the afternoon watching butterflies."

That energy can also translate into a tendency to bolt, so Bichons should be in a fenced yard or on a leash when outdoors. "I don't know how car-smart Bichons are," Lemon-Ludwick says. "Bichon Frises feel like the whole world loves them so much, and they don't think anything will hurt them."

Because Bichons love everyone, rescued Bichons adapt easily to new families. "Bichons aren't terribly loyal," Antetomaso says. "Their best friend is the last person who says 'Hi.' That means they rehome well even into old age."

Bichon friendliness extends beyond humans. "This is one of the most compatible dog breeds I've seen," Beauchamp says. "They get along with Great Danes, ChihuahuasRottweilerslarge dog breeds in particular seem to like them. The Bichons usually wind up using the big dogs as their pillows."

Bichons like children more than other small dog breeds. While a young child needs supervision around any dog, Bichons will play with children of practically any age. This dog breed is sturdier than many other dogs their size and small enough to handle with ease.

Bichon Frises can enjoy romping around a large estate or live comfortably in a modest apartment with people who can't take them outside. Bichons adapt to any environment, as long as they can be with people. "Because of the Bichon's demand for close human interaction, they are not a dog breed for people who work long hours and are not at home on weekends," Williams says. "These dogs thrive on being with you, next to you, on you - whether you are on the couch, in a chair or in your bed."

Rub-a-Dub... Mud

The Bichon Frise is easy to obedience-train with positive-reinforcement methods such as a food-based reward system. But like many small dog breeds, they can be a challenge to housetrain. "The biggest reason Bichons come into rescue is because people haven't made the commitment to housebreak them," Antetomaso says. "People need to combine consistency, firmness and kindness, the way they would if potty-training a child. You have to make the commitment to do it all the way."

Grooming is one of the greatest challenges of owning a Bichon Frise. Proper Bichon grooming requires a thorough shampoo and rinse, combing out the curly coat while blowing it dry, then clipping. When Hensley tried to do the job, she discovered Kernal Bean disliked the sound of the clippers. Kernal Bean ended up half-shaved, with no hair on his head. Hensley took him to a professional dog groomer the next time.

Grooming can cost more for a Bichon than for other dog breeds and should be done every four to five weeks. "They are white and cute, and unfortunately they love to play in the mud," Beauchamp says. "Their favorite time to dig holes is right after they've had a bath."

This dog breed benefits from weekly brushing with a slicker brush and occasional bathing between professional grooming sessions. The hair around the eyes should be wiped daily to reduce tear staining. Because white-coated dog breeds often have skin allergies, bathe Bichons carefully. "New owners bathing their dogs must remember one rule: Rinse, rinse, rinse!" Williams says. "Any remaining shampoo or conditioner can be irritating." Antihistamines, special bathing products and attention to flea control can reduce allergic reactions.


In addition to skin allergies, some Bichons suffer from kneecap dislocation, bladder infections and stones, ear infections, eye diseases such as juvenile cataracts, excessive tartar and early tooth loss. Potential Bichon Frise owners should make sure a puppy's parents are registered with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (to determine the health of hips and knees) and the Canine Eye Research Foundation (to determine the health of eyes). Dental care should include brushing two or three times a week, yearly professional tartar removal and a diet of dry kibble. Bichon Frises love to eat, but obesity leads to joint problems, liver disease and pancreatitis.

Despite these problems, Bichons live an average of 15 to 16 years.

In the show ring, Bichons' plush, beautiful coats catch the eye. "Given the proper show coat, a Bichon's structure and associated movement are what make a 'special' stand out," Williams says. "A beautiful Bichon Frise with proper coat and gorgeous head which has that wonderful reach and drive is hard for any judge to deny."

Temperament also distinguishes the Bichon Frise from other dog breeds. "I think a lot of dog show judges, particularly in the group ring, are paying attention to the temperament," Antetomaso says. "That little bit of playful, Bichon-ie attitude can really make a difference."

Bichon Frise personality wins championships and hearts. "Kernal always keeps me in a good mood," Hensley says. "He actually listens to me. He'll move his head when I talk, like he is confirming that what I have to say is important."

For those ready to love and be loved around the clock, a Bichon Frise might be the perfect match. "All Bichons deserve to be somebody's baby," Antetomaso says. Who could help spoiling them just a little?

 -More about Bichons-

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