Frequent Urination

A variety of conditions can cause frequent urination in dogs. Diagnostic lab tests reveal the truth.

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Q. I have a 1-year-old German Shepherd Dog mix, and her urination is very frequent.  I stop giving her water around 7 p.m., but she still needs to go outside about every 15 minutes — even around 9:30 p.m. She appears to be heathy and does not seem to be in any pain when she goes.  Is this normal?

Dr. Jon GellerA. Being an emergency vet is a lot like being a homicide detective. Every patient has a problem, but they can't talk, and you have to figure out what's going on.

Since your dog is young, but not considered a puppy, urinating every 15 minutes or so would not be considered normal. Because she is a female and relatively young, I would be suspicious of a urinary tract infection. Females are more susceptible to urinary tract infections because of their anatomy. Just like humans, females have a short urethra (the tube that empties the bladder), and it is relatively easy for bacteria to get inside it.

Your young dog also has a relatively unchallenged immune system, so she may not be able to fight off infections as well as an adult who has probably seen certain bacteria several times before and developed some immunity to it. Bladder infections are very irritating to the bladder wall, causing the urge to urinate small amounts frequently.

But like a good detective, you have to keep an open mind. This could also be a bladder irritation from bladder stones, which can form when certain minerals in the urine form into solid objects when the pH of the urine is especially high or low.

In an older dog, you might be suspicious of a hormonal imbalance that affects the kidneys' ability to concentrate urine, causing frequent urination. This is a very serious condition that can lead to severe dehydration if it progresses.

Some dogs have a condition called psychogenic polydypsia, which causes obsessive water drinking, followed by excessive urination. Not surprisingly, these dogs may have neurotic owners or come from an unusual household. Actually, Raindog, who is my 1-year-old Lab cross, is somewhat goofy this way, drinking bowl after bowl of water for no reason other than her love for the pastime.

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Glenda   San Fernando, California

7/22/2014 10:34:48 PM

I have a female Cocker about 1 1/2 now, i noticed today she stated to pee a lot at the Park? But not so much at home?? Should I be concerned??

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Nancy   Pitts., Pennsylvania

8/12/2013 9:24:01 AM

I have a very well trained 7lb. 7 year old Yorkie/Pom. Recently we have noticed after she has gone her morning potty, she goes back over to the paper and squats again and goes maybe a quarter size amount and sometimes nothing at all. She did this three times this morning. Water is down all day and she loves an ice cupe or two a day but neither to any excess. Should I be concerned about this new change?

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HaplessPizza98   Calgary, AB

7/25/2013 8:52:51 PM

Our new puppy (we've had her for 13 days) has just urinated about a dozen times in half an hour. She's almost 3 months old and usually only has one accident a day, but this time, several. Any ideas on what she may have eaten and/or a number we should call??

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annette   Port st lucie, Florida

7/18/2013 4:15:56 AM

My pomeranian which is 9 months, has been recently needing to go to urinate every hour or so, before he goes there is a lump at the bottom of his penis, is this normal or does he need to see a vet.

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